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By Nancy Shoemaker

The connection among American Indians and Europeans on America's frontiers is usually characterised as a sequence of cultural conflicts and misunderstandings in keeping with an enormous gulf of distinction. Nancy Shoemaker turns this thought on its head, displaying that Indians and Europeans shared universal ideals approximately their so much primary realities--land as nationwide territory, executive, record-keeping, overseas alliances, gender, and the human physique. sooner than they even met, Europeans and Indians shared perceptions of a panorama marked by way of mountains and rivers, a actual global within which the solar rose and set on a daily basis, and a human physique with its personal unique form. in addition they shared of their skill to make feel of all of it and to invent new, summary rules in line with the tangible and visual stories of everyday life. targeting japanese North the USA up throughout the finish of the Seven Years conflict, Shoemaker heavily reads incidents, letters, and recorded speeches from the Iroquois and Creek confederacies, the Cherokee country, and different local teams along British and French resources, paying specific cognizance to the language utilized in cross-cultural dialog. mockingly, the extra American Indians and Europeans got here to understand one another, the extra they got here to work out one another as varied. by way of the top of the 18th century, Shoemaker argues, they deserted an preliminary willingness to acknowledge in one another a typical humanity and in its place built new principles rooted within the conviction that, via customized and maybe even via nature, local american citizens and Europeans have been peoples essentially at odds. In her research, Shoemaker unearths the 18th century roots of putting up with stereotypes Indians constructed approximately Europeans, in addition to stereotypes Europeans created approximately Indians. This robust and eloquent interpretation questions long-standing assumptions, revealing the unusual likenesses one of the population of colonial North the United States.

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Additional resources for A Strange Likeness: Becoming Red and White in Eighteenth-Century North America

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S. county courthouses. 30 Eighteenth-century European ideas about land as property most differed from Indian ideas at the first level, “ownership,” but even there, the differences were not that great. Indeed, if British colonists had settled North America a century or two earlier, the resemblance would have been even more profound. 31 If eastern Indians’ in­ termingling of corn, beans, and squash in earthen heaps had looked even slightly more like the plowed furrows of Britain’s open fields, then maybe British colo­ nists would have recognized Indian planting fields as a kindred system for or­ ganizing labor and land resources.

37 Moytoy and his son may have failed as emperors, but Moytoy in particular seems to have been an effective spokes­ man for British interests, a good squirrel king. To diminish misunderstandings, a host of metaphors and symbolic objects joined titles of office as devices for making public authority visible and tan­ gible. 38 Wampum (white and purple shell beads 44 A STRANGE LIKENESS gathered into strings and belts) had the same role as written commissions in European societies and verified that a constituency stood behind an individual’s words.

S. county courthouses. 30 Eighteenth-century European ideas about land as property most differed from Indian ideas at the first level, “ownership,” but even there, the differences were not that great. Indeed, if British colonists had settled North America a century or two earlier, the resemblance would have been even more profound. 31 If eastern Indians’ in­ termingling of corn, beans, and squash in earthen heaps had looked even slightly more like the plowed furrows of Britain’s open fields, then maybe British colo­ nists would have recognized Indian planting fields as a kindred system for or­ ganizing labor and land resources.

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