Download A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary by Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang PDF

By Professor (Chair) Randy J Lapolla, Chenglong Huang

Qiang is a Tibeto-Burman language of southwest China, spoken by means of approximately 70,000 Qiang and Tibetan humans in northern Sichuan Province. This booklet, the 1st book-length description of the Qiang language in English, comprises not just the reference grammar, but in addition an ethnological assessment, a number of totally analyzed texts (mostly conventional tales) and an annotated word list. The language is verb ultimate, and agglutinative (prefixing and suffixing), with a really advanced phonological approach and either head-marking and established marking morphology. it will likely be of use to typologists, comparativists, Sino-Tibetanists, anthropologists, and linguists commonly.

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Extra resources for A Grammar of Qiang: With Annotated Texts and Glossary

Sample text

There is a speech by the hosting uncles, and the opening of a cask of highland barley wine. There will then be dancing and drinking. As the cask is drunk, hot water is added to the top with a water scoop, and each drinker is expected to drink one scoop’s equivalent of liquor. If the drinker fails to drink the required amount, he or she may be tossed up into the air by the others in the party. Before the couple enter the room where they are to live, two small children (whose parents are both still living) will be sent in to run around and play on the couple’s bed, as a way of blessing the couple to soon have children.

19 There is no sense of ‘word’ in the Qiang language (what we would call the sociological word), only /så/ 'sentence'. Other than the word, we recognize the noun phrase, the verb complex, the clause, and the complex sentence as levels of grammatical structure. 4. Phonological processes In this section we will discuss the weakening of initial consonants, stress, vowel harmony and epenthesis. These phonological processes occur within a unit that can be defined as the phonological word. 1. Initial weakening Several types of initial consonant undergo a form of weakening when, due to derivation, they appear in non-word-initial position, particularly in non-syllable-initial position.

DIR + t®hå Ædeepfl + -Â CAUS > ¿|åt®h˙Â Ædeepenfl b. t˙- DIR + watsi Æshortfl > t˙w|åtsi Æbecome shortfl c. 10b-c) that there is a three-way pattern of stress and vowel form: without any prefix, the first vowel of the root is [a], with an unstressed prefix it is [å], and with a stressed prefix, it is [˙]. In general there is a trochaic pattern of stress,21 which leads to the loss of second syllables in bisyllabic words, but the stress of a particular derived form depends on the number and type of syllables that appear in the particular word, and this effects the realization of the vowels.

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