By Nora C. England
This is often the 1st full-length reference grammar of Mam, a Mayan language spoken this day by way of over 400,000 humans within the western highlands of Guatemala and the nation of Chiapas, Mexico. the results of over 3 years of in depth fieldwork in Guatemala, A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language is predicated at the dialect of Mam spoken through 12,000 humans in San Ildefonso Ixtahuacan within the division of Huehuetenango, Guatemala. England organizes A Grammar of Mam in response to complementary ideas: to investigate Mam following essentially conventional degrees of grammatical description and to offer fabric in the sort of approach that the historical past details beneficial for figuring out every one subject of debate shall were formerly supplied. for this reason, England's research of the sound method and morphophonemic procedures of Mam is by way of an outline of the features of root, inflectional, and derivational morphology. Chapters on word constitution precede chapters on sentence-level syntax. A Grammar of Mam is of specific curiosity in interpreting a Mayan language that's either syntactically and morphologically ergative and that's leading edge towards strengthening the ergative process. certainly in any respect degrees of linguistic association Mam is leading edge, and therefore it's uniquely fascinating either traditionally and theoretically.
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Additional info for A Grammar of Mam, a Mayan Language (Texas linguistics series)
61 and then If a construction is neither potential nor imperative, aspect is obligatory. The potential mode suffix for transitive verbs occurs very rarely, since it only accompanies transitive verbs without directiona1s, and of enclitics, agent and the patient. If the agent does not require an en 3 clitic, then the patient cannot have an enc1itic • If the agent does require an enclitic, then the patient mayor may not be indicated by the enclitic. Consequently agent involve ment and first person involvement are clear, but patients can be ambiguous, as can nonfirst person involvement.
1, for a full explanation of how the two sets of 0- + person markers combine on transitive verbs. 0- + chi An example of an qo ~ in ~ 0 ~ 0 ~ i intransitive verb with Set B (absolutive) markers for subject The synthesis only affects absolutive markers, and never follows. directionals or anything else which might follow the aspect. The stem is b'eet- 'walk'. There are two modes, potential and imperative, which are ma chin b'eet-a 'I walked' rna 0-b'eet-a 'you walked' indicated by suffixes on the verb stem.
3. If the root has a short vowel, the glottal stop fol lows the stem formative vowel, which is short. - 3. ' b'iyo7kj- 'go and Mam, and their special characteristics. spond to root classes with the exception that positionals are a root class only. The glottal stop of -7 ••• al 'specific termination', how ever, always moves toward the stem vowel, no matter what con sonant intervenes: The necessary inflection for forming word! from bound roots is also described, but derivational stem forming processes are discussed in the next chapter.