By Frajzyngier, Zygmunt
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Extra info for A Grammar of Hdi
Inventory of underlying consonants Bilabial Stops Voiced Voiceless Prenasalized Glottalized Affricates Voiced Voiceless Continuants Voiced Voiceless Lateral Cont. 1. Bilabial versus labial consonants Contrast among labial and labiodental underlying segments is provided by the following items: bizi 'pubic apron worn by young women', pitsäkw 'hoe', fitik 'sun', fiv/'road', vixä 'sift', purkutu ndzum 'papaya', hlorpu 'side', tf-u-u-ghä-tfä-lu One has spit'. A number of segments from the phonetic inventory appear to be in complementary distribution.
We postulate that [ß] is a variant of v whose occurrence can be accounted for by the rule: Rule 2: v -> ß/u u. All bilabial fricatives will henceforth be represented as for v. 2. Alveolar consonants and palatal variants There is a contrast between alveolar voiced and voiceless stops before all vowels: (1) tä um turtukw 'locative adjunct 'big drum' One' da xdi dussum 'preposition' 'self-name' 'root' Similarly, there is a contrast between alveolar voiced and voiceless affricates: (2) tsa tsi tsudäy 'definite marker' 'third singular subject' 'dangerous animals' dzä'ä dzumä 'go' 'monkey' 'hay' There is also a contrast between voiced and voiceless alveolar continuants: (3) sä si su 'come' 'referential past marker5 'drink:SO' za zidikw zu 'eaf 'fly' 'eat:SO' The palatal continuants s and z occur only when followed by front vowels: [gäzengel] and [gezengel] 'a piece of metal, many of which form the pubic apron of a pregnant woman'.
G. in the phonetic form of words in isolation. But they are postulated to be in word-final position in the underlying form of words: pcf 3. Phonotactics of consonants 21 'leave an object', ghud 'wash an object'. In addition, when the final vowel of a word is reduced in the phrase-internal position, both globalized consonants can occur in word-final position: (24) xäcf kob da tsi wä lack money PREP 3SG NBG 'he/she does not have any money' Similarly the voiced stops have not been recorded in phrase-final position, but they do occur in word-final, phrase-internal position: (25) xäd na place DEM 'this place' Affricates and continuants have a distribution similar to that of stops (see Table 4).