By Bruce C. Donaldson
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Afrikaans
Nevertheless gradations of acceptability and frequency are detectable in certain of these words - for example, konteks is unusual and in impak, insek and instink only initial stress occurs. Presumably because resep (plural resepte) 'recipe' does not exist in English in this form, it is found only with this stress pattern. g. aspekte, distrikte, kontraste etc. 2. e. 3) -ant konsultant, luitenant, predikant, sersant -at debat, patat -ee kafee, orgidee -eel eventueel, fluweel, kasteel, sambreel, tafereel, toneel -eem probleem, sisteem -een fenomeen, Roemeen(s) 39 It is debatable whether these shifts in stress pattern are simply the result of contact with English or whether there is not some internal mechanism at work — possibly reinforced by English - in much the same way as must have occurred at an earlier date in the development of English.
Pronunciation 23 Du Toit [da'toii] Foucha [fu'lea] Fourie [fu'ri] Grove [xru'vea] Joubert [ju'bas:r] Labuschagne [labus'kaxna]36 Le Grange [b'xransil Le Roux [b'ru:] Malan [ma'lan];[ma'lar)]is also often heard. g. e. as [jansmats]. Consequently some Afrikaans speakers named Smuts have adopted this pronunciation of their name, [smoets] versus [smats] seems to reflect the pre-war division of South African political loyalties between the Natte (Nationalist Party, supported by Afrikaans speakers) and the Sappe (South Africa Party, which enjoyed both English and Afrikaans support).
1). 1). Whether such prefixes are stressed or not is ultimately connected with whether they function as separable or inseparable prefixes. g. 2). 2). 4 for examples Distressed inseparable verbal prefixes. 3. Stress in adjectives ending in -ig There are many compound adjectives formed by the addition of a bisyllabic ending which ends in -ig, some of which are still productive (see group 1 below). e. on the penultimate syllable. e. the penultimate syllable (see group 2 below). g. kwaadaardig 'malignant', heldhaftig 'heroic', rooskleurig 'rosy1, deskundig 'expert', middelmatig 'moderate', Engelstalig® 'English-speaking', voltallig 'complete', wisseluallig 'unpredictable', hulpvaardig 'helpful', betreurenswaardig 'regrettable'.